Clinical Psychology 9 (2016), 2, 217-238

Original scientific paper

What Does the Eyes Test Really Examine? Some Methodological Difficulties in Testing Mind Theory Using the Eyes Test

Bruno Barać - Home for Children “Maestral”, Split
Anita Vulić-Prtorić - Department of Psychology, University of Zadar, Zadar

Fulltext (croatian, pages 217-238).pdf

The Reading the Mind in Eyes Test – RMET (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Hill, Raste & Plumb, 2001) or the Eyes Test, is a widely used theory of mind test in clinical and population-based samples of adults. However, little is known about the psychometric properties of this test, so the aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Eyes Test according to two levels of analyses: the first was to evaluate the findings from empirical research on the psychometric analysis of the Eyes Test with special attention to the problems of test reliability and construct other empirical studies. Data were obtained by the Eyes Test, administered in a sample of 97 female university psychology students. For the construct validity analyses, Short Story Task (SST) was used for assessing cognitive theory of mind, Empathy Questionnaire from the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-IVE/A), and Toronto Alexithymia Scale 20 (TAS-20). All tests were administered anonymously. We present a psychometric analysis of the Eyes Test that was performed following evaluation procedures in other studies. Results indicated that the internal consistency of the Croatian version, calculated by Cronbach alpha was poor (α = 0,48). Additionally, any significant relations with the measures of cognitive theory of mind, empathy and alexithymia were not established. Due to serious conceptual limitations and findings about the psychometric problems, suggestions for the future use of the Eyes test are recommended.

reading the mind in the eyes test, theory of mind, psychometric analysis, empathy, alexithymia

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